Weatherman

weatherman

Weatherman (englisch „Wetteransager“) steht für: Weatherman Inc., US- amerikanische Wetterfirma, ehemals zu Meteomedia, siehe MeteoGroup Schweiz #. Die Weathermen (auch Weather Underground Organisation, Weatherman, Weather People) waren eine linksradikale militante Untergrundorganisation in den. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'weatherman' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache.

The awkward case of 'his or her'. Or something like that. Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way.

Man suffers serious burns after fire breaks out at his Gould Avenue home," 4 June Mars is colonized, urbanized and even weatherized as zany Nathan Bright works as the planet's favorite and most visible weatherman.

New Nancy Drew, sci-fi and more coming in comics," 13 June Often wearing a camera and a smile, music aficionado and weatherman Danny Grau is a scoring machine.

First Known Use of weatherman , in the meaning defined above. Learn More about weatherman. Resources for weatherman Time Traveler!

Explore the year a word first appeared. Dictionary Entries near weatherman weatherliness weatherly weathermaker weatherman weather map weather molding weathermost.

Statistics for weatherman Look-up Popularity. Time Traveler for weatherman The first known use of weatherman was in See more words from the same year.

More Definitions for weatherman. This is a complicated character study about a man coming to grips with the fact that he's failed to meet any of the goals he set for himself in life, despite attaining a social standing that many people are envious of.

There aren't any easy answers or life altering epiphanies; self-improvement is a long, gradual task that will probably never be completely fulfilled, and "The Weather Man" reflects this reality.

While not for all tastes, this movie deserves credit for tackling a relatively conventional subject in a very unconventional, at least for a mainstream Hollywood movie, manner.

I imagine that this film will be a bigger success overseas and on DVD than it will be in its US theatrical run. Start your free trial.

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Keep track of everything you watch; tell your friends. Full Cast and Crew. A Chicago weather man, separated from his wife and children, debates whether professional and personal success are mutually exclusive.

Steve Conrad as Steven Conrad. Related News Comics Corner: Dark Days 6, and More! Movies to check out from library. Best Nicolas Cage Movie. Share this Rating Title: The Weather Man 6.

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Man's movies without superpowers Learn more More Like This. The Family Man Lord of War Their political goal, stated in print after , was to create a revolutionary party to overthrow U.

With revolutionary positions characterized by black power and opposition to the Vietnam War , [2] the group conducted a campaign of bombings through the mids and took part in actions such as the jailbreak of Timothy Leary.

The " Days of Rage ", their first public demonstration on October 8, , was a riot in Chicago timed to coincide with the trial of the Chicago Seven.

The bombing campaign indiscriminately targeted government buildings, along with several banks. The group stated that the United States government had been exploiting other nations by waging war as a means of solidifying America as a greater nation.

Some attacks were preceded by evacuation warnings, along with threats identifying the particular matter that the attack was intended to protest.

Three members of the group were killed in the accidental Greenwich Village townhouse explosion but no civilians were killed in any of the terrorist attacks.

For the bombing of the Pentagon on May 19, , they stated that it was "in retaliation for the U. For the January 29, bombing of the United States Department of State building, they stated that it was "in response to the escalation in Vietnam ".

It took its name from Bob Dylan 's lyric, "You don't need a weatherman to know which way the wind blows", from the song " Subterranean Homesick Blues " This founding document called for a "white fighting force" to be allied with the "Black Liberation Movement" and other radical movements [5] to achieve "the destruction of U.

The Weathermen began to disintegrate after the United States reached a peace accord in Vietnam in , [7] after which the New Left declined in influence.

By , the organization was defunct. The Weathermen emerged from the campus-based opposition to United States involvement in the Vietnam War and from the civil rights movement of the s.

This project was aimed at creating an interracial movement of the poor that would mobilize for full and fair employment or guaranteed annual income and political rights for poverty class Americans.

Their goal was to create a more democratic society "which guarantees political freedom, economic and physical security, abundant education, and incentives for wide cultural variety".

While the initial phase of the SDS involved campus organizing, phase two involved community organizing. These experiences led some SDS members to conclude that deep social change would not happen through community organizing and electoral politics, and that more radical and disruptive tactics were needed.

RYM promoted the philosophy that young workers possessed the potential to be a revolutionary force to overthrow capitalism, if not by themselves then by transmitting radical ideas to the working class.

Klonsky's document reflected the philosophy of the National Office and was eventually adopted as official SDS doctrine. During the summer of , the National Office began to split.

A group led by Klonsky became known as RYM II, and the other side, RYM I, was led by Dohrn and endorsed more aggressive tactics such as direct action , as some members felt that years of nonviolent resistance had done little or nothing to stop the Vietnam War.

The police killing of Panther Fred Hampton prompted the Weatherman to issue a declaration of war upon the United States government. We petitioned, we demonstrated, we sat in.

I was willing to get hit over the head, I did; I was willing to go to prison, I did. To me, it was a question of what had to be done to stop the much greater violence that was going on.

At an SDS convention in Chicago on June 18, , the National Office attempted to persuade unaffiliated delegates not to endorse a takeover of SDS by Progressive Labor who had packed the convention with their supporters.

The latter document outlined the position of the group that would become the Weathermen. The document called for creating a clandestine revolutionary party.

The most important task for us toward making the revolution, and the work our collectives should engage in, is the creation of a mass revolutionary movement, without which a clandestine revolutionary party will be impossible.

A revolutionary mass movement is different from the traditional revisionist mass base of "sympathizers". Rather it is akin to the Red Guard in China, based on the full participation and involvement of masses of people in the practice of making revolution; a movement with a full willingness to participate in the violent and illegal struggle.

At this convention the Weatherman faction of the Students for a Democratic Society, planned for October 8—11, as a "National Action" built around John Jacobs' slogan, "bring the war home".

As part of the "National Action Staff", Jacobs was an integral part of the planning for what quickly came to be called "Four Days of Rage".

Weatherman would shove the war down their dumb, fascist throats and show them, while we were at it, how much better we were than them, both tactically and strategically, as a people.

In an all-out civil war over Vietnam and other fascist U. And we were going to kick ass. In July , 30 members of Weatherman leadership traveled to Cuba and met with North Vietnamese representatives to gain from their revolutionary experience.

The North Vietnamese requested armed political action in order to stop the U. Subsequently, they accepted funding, training, recommendations on tactics and slogans from Cuba, and perhaps explosives as well.

The meeting, dubbed the "War Council" by the people who attended, adopted Jacobs' call for violent revolution. In the evening, the groups reconvened for a mass "wargasm"—practicing karate , engaging in physical exercise, singing songs, and listening to speeches.

The War Council ended with a major speech by John Jacobs. Jacobs condemned the "pacifism" of white middle-class American youth, a belief which he claimed they held because they were insulated from the violence which afflicted blacks and the poor.

He predicted a successful revolution, and declared that youth were moving away from passivity and apathy and toward a new high-energy culture of "repersonalization" brought about by drugs, sex, and armed revolution.

We are the incubation of your mother's nightmare. Two major decisions came out of the War Council. The first was to go underground, and to begin a violent, armed struggle against the state without attempting to organize or mobilize a broad swath of the public.

The Weather Underground hoped to create underground collectives in major cities throughout the country. The Weatherman national leadership agreed, as did the New York City collective.

The second major decision was the dissolution of SDS. Thereafter, any leaflet, label, or logo bearing the name "Students for a Democratic Society" SDS was in fact the views and politics of Weatherman, not of the slate elected by Progressive Labor.

The group, while small, was able to commandeer the mantle of SDS and all of its membership lists, but with Weatherman in charge there was little or no support from local branches or members of the organization, [22] [23] and local chapters soon disbanded.

At the War Council, the Weathermen had decided to close the SDS National Office, ending the major campus-based organization of the s which at its peak was a mass organization with , members.

The thesis of Weatherman theory, as expounded in its founding document, You Don't Need a Weatherman to Know Which Way the Wind Blows , was that "the main struggle going on in the world today is between U.

In Weatherman theory "oppressed peoples" are the creators of the wealth of empire, "and it is to them that it belongs.

The Vietnamese and other third world countries, as well as third world people within the United States play a vanguard role.

They "set the terms for class struggle in America The theoretical basis of the Revolutionary Youth Movement was an insight that most of the American population, including both students and the supposed "middle class," comprised, due to their relationship to the instruments of production, the working class , [30] thus the organizational basis of the SDS, which had begun in the elite colleges and had been extended to public institutions as the organization grew could be extended to youth as a whole including students, those serving in the military, and the unemployed.

Students could be viewed as workers gaining skills prior to employment. This contrasted to the Progressive Labor view which viewed students and workers as being in separate categories which could ally, but should not jointly organize.

FBI analysis of the travel history of the founders and initial followers of the organization emphasized contacts with foreign governments, particularly the Cuban and North Vietnamese and their influence on the ideology of the organization.

Participation in the Venceremos Brigade , a program which involved US students volunteering to work in the sugar harvest in Cuba, is highlighted as a common factor in the background of the founders of the Weather Underground, with China a secondary influence.

Terry Robbins took the organization's name from the lyrics of the Bob Dylan song " Subterranean Homesick Blues ," [34] which featured the lyrics "You don't need a weatherman to know which way the wind blows.

By using this title the Weathermen meant, partially, to appeal to the segment of US youth inspired to action for social justice by Dylan's songs. The Weatherman group had long held that militancy was becoming more important than nonviolent forms of anti-war action, and that university-campus-based demonstrations needed to be punctuated with more dramatic actions, which had the potential to interfere with the US military and internal security apparatus.

The belief was that these types of urban guerrilla actions would act as a catalyst for the coming revolution.

Many international events indeed seemed to support the Weathermen's overall assertion that worldwide revolution was imminent, such as the tumultuous Cultural Revolution in China; the student revolts in France , Mexico City and elsewhere; the Prague Spring ; the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association ; the emergence of the Tupamaros organization in Uruguay ; the emergence of the Guinea-Bissauan Revolution and similar Marxist -led independence movements throughout Africa; and within the United States, the prominence of the Black Panther Party, together with a series of "ghetto rebellions" throughout poor black neighborhoods across the country.

We felt that doing nothing in a period of repressive violence is itself a form of violence. That's really the part that I think is the hardest for people to understand.

If you sit in your house, live your white life and go to your white job, and allow the country that you live in to murder people and to commit genocide , and you sit there and you don't do anything about it, that's violence.

The Weathermen were outspoken critics of the concepts that later came to be known as " white privilege " described as white-skin privilege and identity politics.

They must either fight on the side of the oppressed, or be on the side of the oppressor. Weather maintained that their stance differed from the rest of the movement at the time in the sense that they predicated their critiques on the notion that they were engaged in "an anti-imperialist, anti-racist struggle".

Weather warned that other political theories, including those organizing around class interests or youth interests, were "bound to lead in a racist and chauvinist direction".

Members of Weather further contended that efforts at "organizing whites against their own perceived oppression" were "attempts by whites to carve out even more privilege than they already derive from the imperialist nexus".

As historian Dan Berger writes, Weather raised the question "what does it means to be a white person opposing racism and imperialism?

Shortly after its formation as an independent group, Weatherman created a central committee, the Weather Bureau, which assigned its cadres to a series of collectives in major cities.

The collectives set up under the Weather Bureau drew their design from Che Guevara 's foco theory, which focused on the building of small, semi-autonomous cells guided by a central leadership.

To try to turn their members into hardened revolutionaries and to promote solidarity and cohesion, members of collectives engaged in intensive criticism sessions which attempted to reconcile their prior and current activities to Weathermen doctrine.

These "criticism self-criticism" sessions also called "CSC" or "Weatherfries" were the most distressing part of life in the collective. Derived from Maoist techniques, it was intended to root out racist, individualist and chauvinist tendencies within group members.

At its most intense, members would be berated for up to a dozen or more hours non-stop about their flaws. It was intended to make group members believe that they were, deep down, white supremacists by subjecting them to constant criticism to break them down.

The sessions were used to ridicule and bully those who didn't agree with the party line and force them into acceptance.

However, the sessions were also successful at purging potential informants from the Weathermen's ranks, making them crucial to the Weathermen's survival as an underground organization.

The Weathermen were also determined to destroy "bourgeois individualism" amongst members that would potentially interfere with their commitment to both the Weathermen and the goal of revolution.

Personal property was either renounced or given to the collective, with income being used to purchase the needs of the group and members enduring Spartan living conditions.

Conventional comforts were forbidden and the leadership was exalted, giving them immense power over their subordinates in some collectives the leadership could even dictate personal decisions such as where one went.

Martial arts were practiced and occasional direct actions were engaged in. Critical of monogamy, they launched a "smash monogamy" campaign, in which couples whose affection was deemed unacceptably possessive, counterrevolutionary or even selfish were to be split apart; collectives underwent forced rotation of sex partners including allegations that some male leaders rotated women between collectives in order to sleep with them and in some cases engaged in sexual orgies.

Life in the collectives could be particularly hard for women, who made up about half the members. Their political awakening had included a growing awareness of sexism, yet they often found that men took the lead in political activities and discussion, with women often engaging in domestic work, as well as finding themselves confined to second-tier leadership roles.

Certain feminist political beliefs had to be disavowed or muted and the women had to prove, regardless of prior activist credentials, that they were as capable as men in engaging in political action as part of "women's cadres", which were felt to be driven by coerced machismo and failed to promote genuine solidarity amongst the women.

While the Weathermen's sexual politics did allow women to assert desire and explore relationships with each other, it also made them vulnerable to sexual exploitation.

Weather used various means by which to recruit new members and set into motion a nationwide revolt against the government. Weather members aimed to mobilize people into action against the established leaders of the nation and the patterns of injustice which existed in America and abroad due to America's presence overseas.

They also aimed to convince people to resist reliance upon their given privilege and to rebel and take arms if necessary. According to Weatherman, if people tolerated the unjust actions of the state, they became complicit in those actions.

The Politics of Revolutionary Anti-Imperialism," Weatherman explained that their intention was to encourage the people and provoke leaps in confidence and consciousness in an attempt to stir the imagination, organize the masses, and join in the people's day-to-day struggles in every way possible.

In the year , over a third of America's population was under 18 years of age. The number of young citizens set the stage for a widespread revolt against perceived structures of racism, sexism, and classism, the violence of the Vietnam War and America's interventions abroad.

At college campuses throughout the country, anger against "the Establishment's" practices prompted both peaceful and violent protest.

The younger members of the working class became the focus of the organizing effort because they felt the oppression strongly in regards to the military draft, low-wage jobs, and schooling.

Schools became a common place of recruitment for the movement. In direct actions, dubbed Jailbreaks , Weather members invaded educational institutions as a means by which to recruit high school and college students.

The motivation of these jailbreaks was the organization's belief that school was where the youth were oppressed by the system and where they learned to tolerate society's faults instead of rise against them.

According to "Prairie Fire", young people are channeled, coerced, misled, miseducated, misused in the school setting.

It is in schools that the youth of the nation become alienated from the authentic processes of learning about the world.

Factions of the Weatherman organization began recruiting members by applying their own strategies. Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz , a member of the radical women's liberation group Cell 16 spoke about her personal recruitment agenda saying that she wanted their group to go out in every corner of the country and tell women the truth, recruit the local people, poor and working-class people, in order to build a new society [55].

Berger explains the controversy surrounding recruitment strategies saying, "As an organizing strategy it was less than successful: According to Dan Berger a relatively sophisticated program of armed propaganda was adopted.

This consisted of a series of bombings of government and corporate targets in retaliation for specific imperialist and oppressive acts.

Small, well-constructed time bombs were used, generally in vents in restrooms, which exploded at times the spaces were empty.

Shortly before the Days of Rage demonstrations on October 6, , [61] the Weatherman planted a bomb that blew up a statue in Chicago built to commemorate police casualties incurred in the Haymarket Riot.

Daley posted a hour police guard to protect it, [62] but the statue was later destroyed again a third time. The monument was rebuilt and is located at Chicago Police Headquarters.

One of the first acts of the Weathermen after splitting from SDS was to announce they would hold the "Days of Rage" that autumn. This was advertised to "Bring the war home!

They had been told by their regional cadre to expect thousands to attend; however, when they arrived they found only a few hundred people.

According to Bill Ayers in , "The Days of Rage was an attempt to break from the norms of kind of acceptable theatre of 'here are the anti-war people: Though the October 8, , rally in Chicago had failed to draw as many as the Weathermen had anticipated, the two or three hundred who did attend shocked police by rioting through the affluent Gold Coast neighborhood.

They smashed the windows of a bank and those of many cars. The crowd ran four blocks before encountering police barricades. They charged the police but broke into small groups; more than 1, police counter-attacked.

Many protesters were wearing motorcycle or football helmets, but the police were well-trained and armed.

Large amounts of tear gas were used, and at least twice police ran squad cars into the mob. The rioting lasted about half an hour, during which 28 policemen were injured.

Jeremy Varon argues that by the WUO had disbanded. English Language Learners Definition of weatherman. The antiwar movement in all its commitment, all its sacrifice and determination, could not stop the violence unleashed against Vietnam. Bringing the war home. There's always raging bull casino no deposit bonus code for another Beste Spielothek in Obersedlhof finden. The Politics of Revolutionary Anti-Imperialism," Weatherman explained that their intention was to encourage the people and provoke leaps in confidence and consciousness in an attempt to stir the imagination, organize the masses, and join in the people's day-to-day struggles in every way possible. These older members found they were no longer liable for federal prosecution because of illegal wire taps and the government's unwillingness to reveal sources and methods favored a strategy of inversion where they beetle deutsch be above ground "revolutionary leaders". The observation that Weather Underground never attacked or harmed people, and only targeted property, is criticized by some who point to the platzierungen eurovision song contest 2019 which caused the Greenwich Village townhouse explosionwhich could have been used to harm people if they hadn't exploded prematurely. Mitchelland Richard G. Retrieved November 19, Pelaa Hitman-kolikkopeliä – Microgaming – Rizk Casino According to "Prairie Spieler von dynamo dresden, young people are channeled, coerced, misled, miseducated, misused in the school setting. The police killing of Panther Fred Beste Spielothek in Gasthaus Schneiderau finden prompted the Weatherman to issue a declaration of war upon online casinos schweiz United States government.

Full Cast and Crew. A Chicago weather man, separated from his wife and children, debates whether professional and personal success are mutually exclusive.

Steve Conrad as Steven Conrad. Related News Comics Corner: Dark Days 6, and More! Movies to check out from library. Best Nicolas Cage Movie.

Share this Rating Title: The Weather Man 6. Use the HTML below. You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin.

User Polls Best of C. Man's movies without superpowers Learn more More Like This. The Family Man Lord of War A private investigator is hired to discover if a "snuff film" is authentic or not.

Leaving Las Vegas City of Angels Port of Call New Orleans Edit Cast Cast overview, first billed only: David Spritz Michael Caine Robert Spritzel Hope Davis While the initial phase of the SDS involved campus organizing, phase two involved community organizing.

These experiences led some SDS members to conclude that deep social change would not happen through community organizing and electoral politics, and that more radical and disruptive tactics were needed.

RYM promoted the philosophy that young workers possessed the potential to be a revolutionary force to overthrow capitalism, if not by themselves then by transmitting radical ideas to the working class.

Klonsky's document reflected the philosophy of the National Office and was eventually adopted as official SDS doctrine. During the summer of , the National Office began to split.

A group led by Klonsky became known as RYM II, and the other side, RYM I, was led by Dohrn and endorsed more aggressive tactics such as direct action , as some members felt that years of nonviolent resistance had done little or nothing to stop the Vietnam War.

The police killing of Panther Fred Hampton prompted the Weatherman to issue a declaration of war upon the United States government.

We petitioned, we demonstrated, we sat in. I was willing to get hit over the head, I did; I was willing to go to prison, I did. To me, it was a question of what had to be done to stop the much greater violence that was going on.

At an SDS convention in Chicago on June 18, , the National Office attempted to persuade unaffiliated delegates not to endorse a takeover of SDS by Progressive Labor who had packed the convention with their supporters.

The latter document outlined the position of the group that would become the Weathermen. The document called for creating a clandestine revolutionary party.

The most important task for us toward making the revolution, and the work our collectives should engage in, is the creation of a mass revolutionary movement, without which a clandestine revolutionary party will be impossible.

A revolutionary mass movement is different from the traditional revisionist mass base of "sympathizers". Rather it is akin to the Red Guard in China, based on the full participation and involvement of masses of people in the practice of making revolution; a movement with a full willingness to participate in the violent and illegal struggle.

At this convention the Weatherman faction of the Students for a Democratic Society, planned for October 8—11, as a "National Action" built around John Jacobs' slogan, "bring the war home".

As part of the "National Action Staff", Jacobs was an integral part of the planning for what quickly came to be called "Four Days of Rage". Weatherman would shove the war down their dumb, fascist throats and show them, while we were at it, how much better we were than them, both tactically and strategically, as a people.

In an all-out civil war over Vietnam and other fascist U. And we were going to kick ass. In July , 30 members of Weatherman leadership traveled to Cuba and met with North Vietnamese representatives to gain from their revolutionary experience.

The North Vietnamese requested armed political action in order to stop the U. Subsequently, they accepted funding, training, recommendations on tactics and slogans from Cuba, and perhaps explosives as well.

The meeting, dubbed the "War Council" by the people who attended, adopted Jacobs' call for violent revolution.

In the evening, the groups reconvened for a mass "wargasm"—practicing karate , engaging in physical exercise, singing songs, and listening to speeches.

The War Council ended with a major speech by John Jacobs. Jacobs condemned the "pacifism" of white middle-class American youth, a belief which he claimed they held because they were insulated from the violence which afflicted blacks and the poor.

He predicted a successful revolution, and declared that youth were moving away from passivity and apathy and toward a new high-energy culture of "repersonalization" brought about by drugs, sex, and armed revolution.

We are the incubation of your mother's nightmare. Two major decisions came out of the War Council. The first was to go underground, and to begin a violent, armed struggle against the state without attempting to organize or mobilize a broad swath of the public.

The Weather Underground hoped to create underground collectives in major cities throughout the country.

The Weatherman national leadership agreed, as did the New York City collective. The second major decision was the dissolution of SDS.

Thereafter, any leaflet, label, or logo bearing the name "Students for a Democratic Society" SDS was in fact the views and politics of Weatherman, not of the slate elected by Progressive Labor.

The group, while small, was able to commandeer the mantle of SDS and all of its membership lists, but with Weatherman in charge there was little or no support from local branches or members of the organization, [22] [23] and local chapters soon disbanded.

At the War Council, the Weathermen had decided to close the SDS National Office, ending the major campus-based organization of the s which at its peak was a mass organization with , members.

The thesis of Weatherman theory, as expounded in its founding document, You Don't Need a Weatherman to Know Which Way the Wind Blows , was that "the main struggle going on in the world today is between U.

In Weatherman theory "oppressed peoples" are the creators of the wealth of empire, "and it is to them that it belongs.

The Vietnamese and other third world countries, as well as third world people within the United States play a vanguard role. They "set the terms for class struggle in America The theoretical basis of the Revolutionary Youth Movement was an insight that most of the American population, including both students and the supposed "middle class," comprised, due to their relationship to the instruments of production, the working class , [30] thus the organizational basis of the SDS, which had begun in the elite colleges and had been extended to public institutions as the organization grew could be extended to youth as a whole including students, those serving in the military, and the unemployed.

Students could be viewed as workers gaining skills prior to employment. This contrasted to the Progressive Labor view which viewed students and workers as being in separate categories which could ally, but should not jointly organize.

FBI analysis of the travel history of the founders and initial followers of the organization emphasized contacts with foreign governments, particularly the Cuban and North Vietnamese and their influence on the ideology of the organization.

Participation in the Venceremos Brigade , a program which involved US students volunteering to work in the sugar harvest in Cuba, is highlighted as a common factor in the background of the founders of the Weather Underground, with China a secondary influence.

Terry Robbins took the organization's name from the lyrics of the Bob Dylan song " Subterranean Homesick Blues ," [34] which featured the lyrics "You don't need a weatherman to know which way the wind blows.

By using this title the Weathermen meant, partially, to appeal to the segment of US youth inspired to action for social justice by Dylan's songs.

The Weatherman group had long held that militancy was becoming more important than nonviolent forms of anti-war action, and that university-campus-based demonstrations needed to be punctuated with more dramatic actions, which had the potential to interfere with the US military and internal security apparatus.

The belief was that these types of urban guerrilla actions would act as a catalyst for the coming revolution. Many international events indeed seemed to support the Weathermen's overall assertion that worldwide revolution was imminent, such as the tumultuous Cultural Revolution in China; the student revolts in France , Mexico City and elsewhere; the Prague Spring ; the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association ; the emergence of the Tupamaros organization in Uruguay ; the emergence of the Guinea-Bissauan Revolution and similar Marxist -led independence movements throughout Africa; and within the United States, the prominence of the Black Panther Party, together with a series of "ghetto rebellions" throughout poor black neighborhoods across the country.

We felt that doing nothing in a period of repressive violence is itself a form of violence. That's really the part that I think is the hardest for people to understand.

If you sit in your house, live your white life and go to your white job, and allow the country that you live in to murder people and to commit genocide , and you sit there and you don't do anything about it, that's violence.

The Weathermen were outspoken critics of the concepts that later came to be known as " white privilege " described as white-skin privilege and identity politics.

They must either fight on the side of the oppressed, or be on the side of the oppressor. Weather maintained that their stance differed from the rest of the movement at the time in the sense that they predicated their critiques on the notion that they were engaged in "an anti-imperialist, anti-racist struggle".

Weather warned that other political theories, including those organizing around class interests or youth interests, were "bound to lead in a racist and chauvinist direction".

Members of Weather further contended that efforts at "organizing whites against their own perceived oppression" were "attempts by whites to carve out even more privilege than they already derive from the imperialist nexus".

As historian Dan Berger writes, Weather raised the question "what does it means to be a white person opposing racism and imperialism?

Shortly after its formation as an independent group, Weatherman created a central committee, the Weather Bureau, which assigned its cadres to a series of collectives in major cities.

The collectives set up under the Weather Bureau drew their design from Che Guevara 's foco theory, which focused on the building of small, semi-autonomous cells guided by a central leadership.

To try to turn their members into hardened revolutionaries and to promote solidarity and cohesion, members of collectives engaged in intensive criticism sessions which attempted to reconcile their prior and current activities to Weathermen doctrine.

These "criticism self-criticism" sessions also called "CSC" or "Weatherfries" were the most distressing part of life in the collective.

Derived from Maoist techniques, it was intended to root out racist, individualist and chauvinist tendencies within group members.

At its most intense, members would be berated for up to a dozen or more hours non-stop about their flaws. It was intended to make group members believe that they were, deep down, white supremacists by subjecting them to constant criticism to break them down.

The sessions were used to ridicule and bully those who didn't agree with the party line and force them into acceptance. However, the sessions were also successful at purging potential informants from the Weathermen's ranks, making them crucial to the Weathermen's survival as an underground organization.

The Weathermen were also determined to destroy "bourgeois individualism" amongst members that would potentially interfere with their commitment to both the Weathermen and the goal of revolution.

Personal property was either renounced or given to the collective, with income being used to purchase the needs of the group and members enduring Spartan living conditions.

Conventional comforts were forbidden and the leadership was exalted, giving them immense power over their subordinates in some collectives the leadership could even dictate personal decisions such as where one went.

Martial arts were practiced and occasional direct actions were engaged in. Critical of monogamy, they launched a "smash monogamy" campaign, in which couples whose affection was deemed unacceptably possessive, counterrevolutionary or even selfish were to be split apart; collectives underwent forced rotation of sex partners including allegations that some male leaders rotated women between collectives in order to sleep with them and in some cases engaged in sexual orgies.

Life in the collectives could be particularly hard for women, who made up about half the members. Their political awakening had included a growing awareness of sexism, yet they often found that men took the lead in political activities and discussion, with women often engaging in domestic work, as well as finding themselves confined to second-tier leadership roles.

Certain feminist political beliefs had to be disavowed or muted and the women had to prove, regardless of prior activist credentials, that they were as capable as men in engaging in political action as part of "women's cadres", which were felt to be driven by coerced machismo and failed to promote genuine solidarity amongst the women.

While the Weathermen's sexual politics did allow women to assert desire and explore relationships with each other, it also made them vulnerable to sexual exploitation.

Weather used various means by which to recruit new members and set into motion a nationwide revolt against the government.

Weather members aimed to mobilize people into action against the established leaders of the nation and the patterns of injustice which existed in America and abroad due to America's presence overseas.

They also aimed to convince people to resist reliance upon their given privilege and to rebel and take arms if necessary.

According to Weatherman, if people tolerated the unjust actions of the state, they became complicit in those actions. The Politics of Revolutionary Anti-Imperialism," Weatherman explained that their intention was to encourage the people and provoke leaps in confidence and consciousness in an attempt to stir the imagination, organize the masses, and join in the people's day-to-day struggles in every way possible.

In the year , over a third of America's population was under 18 years of age. The number of young citizens set the stage for a widespread revolt against perceived structures of racism, sexism, and classism, the violence of the Vietnam War and America's interventions abroad.

At college campuses throughout the country, anger against "the Establishment's" practices prompted both peaceful and violent protest. The younger members of the working class became the focus of the organizing effort because they felt the oppression strongly in regards to the military draft, low-wage jobs, and schooling.

Schools became a common place of recruitment for the movement. In direct actions, dubbed Jailbreaks , Weather members invaded educational institutions as a means by which to recruit high school and college students.

The motivation of these jailbreaks was the organization's belief that school was where the youth were oppressed by the system and where they learned to tolerate society's faults instead of rise against them.

According to "Prairie Fire", young people are channeled, coerced, misled, miseducated, misused in the school setting.

It is in schools that the youth of the nation become alienated from the authentic processes of learning about the world.

Factions of the Weatherman organization began recruiting members by applying their own strategies. Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz , a member of the radical women's liberation group Cell 16 spoke about her personal recruitment agenda saying that she wanted their group to go out in every corner of the country and tell women the truth, recruit the local people, poor and working-class people, in order to build a new society [55].

Berger explains the controversy surrounding recruitment strategies saying, "As an organizing strategy it was less than successful: According to Dan Berger a relatively sophisticated program of armed propaganda was adopted.

This consisted of a series of bombings of government and corporate targets in retaliation for specific imperialist and oppressive acts.

Small, well-constructed time bombs were used, generally in vents in restrooms, which exploded at times the spaces were empty.

Shortly before the Days of Rage demonstrations on October 6, , [61] the Weatherman planted a bomb that blew up a statue in Chicago built to commemorate police casualties incurred in the Haymarket Riot.

Daley posted a hour police guard to protect it, [62] but the statue was later destroyed again a third time. The monument was rebuilt and is located at Chicago Police Headquarters.

One of the first acts of the Weathermen after splitting from SDS was to announce they would hold the "Days of Rage" that autumn.

This was advertised to "Bring the war home! They had been told by their regional cadre to expect thousands to attend; however, when they arrived they found only a few hundred people.

According to Bill Ayers in , "The Days of Rage was an attempt to break from the norms of kind of acceptable theatre of 'here are the anti-war people: Though the October 8, , rally in Chicago had failed to draw as many as the Weathermen had anticipated, the two or three hundred who did attend shocked police by rioting through the affluent Gold Coast neighborhood.

They smashed the windows of a bank and those of many cars. The crowd ran four blocks before encountering police barricades. They charged the police but broke into small groups; more than 1, police counter-attacked.

Many protesters were wearing motorcycle or football helmets, but the police were well-trained and armed. Large amounts of tear gas were used, and at least twice police ran squad cars into the mob.

The rioting lasted about half an hour, during which 28 policemen were injured. Six Weathermen were shot by the police and an unknown number injured; 68 rioters were arrested.

For the next two days, the Weathermen held no rallies or protests. On October 10, the Weatherman attempted to regroup and resume their demonstrations.

About protesters marched through The Loop , Chicago's main business district, watched by a double-line of heavily armed police.

The protesters suddenly broke through the police lines and rampaged through the Loop, smashing the windows of cars and stores.

The police were prepared, and quickly isolated the rioters. Within 15 minutes, more than half the crowd had been arrested.

During a closed-door meeting of the Weather Underground's leadership, the decision was also taken to abolish Students for a Democratic Society.

On February 21, , at around 4: Murtagh, who was presiding over the pretrial hearings of the so-called "Panther 21" members of the Black Panther Party over a plot to bomb New York landmarks and department stores.

In the preceding hours, Molotov cocktails had been thrown at the second floor of Columbia University 's International Law Library at W.

Army base and for Butler Library at Columbia University, [2] there was an explosion in a Greenwich Village safe house when the dynamite used in bomb construction prematurely detonated for unknown reasons.

Cathy Wilkerson and Kathy Boudin escaped unharmed. The site of the Village explosion was the former residence of Merrill Lynch brokerage firm co-founder Charles Merrill and the childhood home of his son, poet James Merrill ; the younger Merrill subsequently memorialized the event in his poem 18 West 11th Street , the title being the address of the brownstone townhouse.

An FBI report later stated that the group had possessed enough explosives to "level After the Greenwich Village townhouse explosion, per the December Flint War Council decisions the group was now well underground, and began to refer to themselves as the Weather Underground Organization.

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